Healthcare workers in Afghanistan, an understudied group, face unique challenges when it comes to sleep quality. In a recent cross-sectional survey conducted among 342 healthcare workers in Herat province, it was discovered that 58.5% reported poor sleep quality. Several socio-demographic factors emerged as significant contributors, including marital status, number of children, profession, economic status, night shifts, and recent traumatic events. The study underscores the importance of creating a supportive work environment for Afghan healthcare workers, with measures such as limiting overtime, providing rest breaks during long shifts, and addressing the impact of night shifts. Prioritizing employee well-being can ultimately enhance sleep quality and overall healthcare delivery.