Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) offer effective long-term contraception with minimal side effects. However, a recent study conducted in Herat province, Afghanistan, highlights the concerning lack of awareness and usage of IUDs among Afghan women. The survey revealed that only 25.3% considered healthcare workers as their primary source of health information. Shockingly, 91.5% exhibited poor knowledge about IUDs, while a mere 5.8% utilized this contraceptive method. Factors such as the number of children, education level, occupation, and economic status significantly influenced participants’ awareness of IUDs. To address this issue, it is imperative for the government and health organizations to implement targeted training programs, not only for women but also for healthcare providers involved in family planning services. By improving knowledge and promoting the safety and benefits of IUDs, we can empower Afghan women to make informed choices about their reproductive health.